Q&A Session


Ask the Lawyer received the following paraphrased question from a reader on a legal matter that might be of interest to the entire audience.

Q: I was the respondent in an EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) discrimination complaint. I gave testimony and provided evidence in my defense. I was not found in any way to have discriminated against anyone. However, I raised some issues about my superior and her mismanagement and her “threat” made to me. I also did not like the way the EEO investigators conducted themselves, though I was not found to have discriminated.

Since the investigation, Ii have been retaliated against by my boss. She issued me a warning memo for events spanning 21 months prior, the most current was 15 months ago. EEO has entertained more complaints against me that are non EEO and I was brought up on disciplinary charges on hearsay. Can I claim retaliation as I did cooperate in an EEO investigation, though I was the respondent?

A: Retaliation in EEO Investigations

The complainant, the subject and any witnesses in an EEO investigation are protected from any retaliatory action for cooperating with an investigation.  In order to prove retaliation, an employee needs to show a causal connection between his or her cooperation with the EEO investigation and the adverse employment action.  One way to establish an inference of retaliation is to show that there was a close period of time between the protected activity (cooperation with the EEO investigation) and the adverse employment action.  Generally, this will be difficult if an adverse action occurred over a year after the protected activity for which an inference of retaliation is being sought.  Previously planned activity by higher management also can not be used to infer retaliation.  In other words, if a letter of admonishment was being prepared or in the planning stages prior to the protected activity, then it will be difficult to show the letter of admonishment was retaliation. 

In sum, to determine whether there has been retaliation, the employee should focus on the facts.  Why did the adverse action occur now?  Why at all?  Why or why not to others in similar situations?  Was previously tolerated behavior suddenly found unacceptable after participation in EEO activity?  These questions go to the ultimate issue of whether the Agency was motivated by the employee’s protected activity when deciding to take the adverse action. 


Disclaimer: Ask a Lawyer publishes information on this website for informational purposes only. Information on this website is intended – but not promised, guaranteed, or warranted – to reflect correct, complete and current developments. In addition, the contents of the website do not constitute legal advice and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the attorney. Information from this website is not intended to be used as a substitute for specific legal advice, nor should you consider it as such. You should not act, or refrain from acting, based on information on this website without seeking specific legal advice about your particular circumstances. No attorney-client relationship between you and Ask a Lawyer’s author is created by the transmission of information to or from this site.


About Author


  1. What can I do about a Doctor’s office that won’t submit a claim to my insurance (FEHBP) company? (Services were rendered in September 2009) Then because of the April 15, 2010 deadline for FSA, how will I get that money back knowing I have a claim. How long does FSA have to process a claim or deny it?

  2. An employee filed an EEO complaint going back years…9 years, the complaint is two fold that she was discriminated based on race and disability. As a manager, I know this woman has lied and cheated on work reports and is in the process of being terminated based on being caught in these lies on two separate occasions, this separate from the EEO complaints that she filed. She has grievance regarding the termination. My question is why as a manager do I have no rights to present email between this individual and myself as she is allowed to and why can’t I provide witness statements as she is allowed to do? IT seems these investigations are entirely one sided, the complainant can state and present whatever she likes and I can’t. I am not allowed to see the emails she presented that were between her and I, and I questioned if they could have been altered. My question what rights do Managers have in Federal service. Let me add she had accused practically every manager she ever had of discrimination, black managers, white managers, men and women? basically anyone who did not give in to her wants or questioned her work.

Leave A Reply