Q & A Session – Admin Leave for Afterhour Scuffle


Ask the Lawyer received the following question (paraphrased for easier reading and clarity) from a reader on a legal matter that might be of interest to the entire audience.


I was currently involved in a scuffle with another employee from my agency while on TDY. This occurred afterhours at the hotel we were staying at. I am currently on administrative leave pending the results of the investigation. Does my organization still possess jurisdiction over me afterhours while on TDY?


Yes, your Federal employer may place you on administrative leave, conduct an investigation, and/or discipline you for having a “scuffle” with a co-worker during non-duty hours at a hotel that you are staying at while on official travel.

To elaborate, 5 C.F.R. § 752.404(b)(3) allows a Federal employee to be placed on administrative leave when an employee’s presence in the workplace “may pose a threat to the employee or others, result in loss of or damage to Government property, or otherwise jeopardize legitimate Government interests.” In your case, one could reasonably conclude that, given the “scuffle” between you and a co-worker while staying at a hotel paid for by the Government, your continued presence in the workplace, whether a temporary duty station or permanent duty station, would pose a threat to yourself or other employees, and/or jeopardize Government interests. Accordingly, placing you on administrative leave was not inappropriate under the circumstances.

Moreover, a Federal employer may discipline an employee for acts or omissions, whether committed on or off duty, so long as the disciplinary action promotes the efficiency of the Federal service. See 5 U.S.C. § 7503(a), 5 U.S.C. §7513(a). Thus, regardless of whether the “scuffle” occurred off or on duty, your employer may conclude that it promotes the efficiency of the service to discipline you for partaking in a “scuffle” with a co-worker during non-duty hours at a hotel that you are staying at while on official travel.

Bill Bransford is managing partner of Shaw Bransford & Roth PC.

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About Author

Debra Roth

Debra L. Roth is a partner at the law firm Shaw Bransford & Roth, a federal employment law firm in Washington, D.C. She is general counsel to the Senior Executives Association and the Federal Managers Association, host of the “FEDtalk” program on Federal News Radio, and a regular contributor to Federal News Radio’s “Federal Drive” morning show. Email your legal questions to lawyer@federaltimes.com.

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